PIJAlance Magazine
The Patriot Institute of Journalism and Arts (PIJA), Lance Magazine is a public-centric independent media organisation dedicated to fighting injustice, fostering social justice and community development through the telling and retelling of the marginalised-oriented stories.

What Are Ovarian Cysts In Women Fluid-Filled Sacs?


Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs in an ovary or on its surface. Women have two ovaries and each is about the size and shape of an almond, on each side of the uterus. Eggs (ova), which develop and mature in the ovaries, are released in monthly cycles during the childbearing time. 


Many women have ovarian cysts at some time. Most ovarian cysts present little or no discomfort and are harmless. The majority disappears without treatment within a few months.


However, ovarian cysts especially those that have ruptured can cause serious symptoms and potentially serious problem.



Most ovarian cysts don’t cause symptoms and go away on their own but a large ovarian cyst can cause:

1. Pelvic pain a dull or sharp ache in the lower abdomen on the side of the cyst

2. Fullness or heaviness in your abdomen

3. Bloating; swell up or expand as a result of internal pressure within the cysts



Most ovarian cysts develop as a result of your menstrual cycle (functional cysts). Other types of cysts are much less common. Your ovaries normally grow cyst-like structures called follicles each month. Follicles produce the hormones oestrogen and progesterone and release an egg when you ovulate. If a normal monthly follicle keeps growing, it’s known as a functional cyst.



Hormonal problems: These include taking the fertility drug (Clomid), which is used to cause you to ovulate.

Pregnancy: Sometimes, the cyst that forms when you ovulate stays on your ovary throughout your pregnancy.

Endometriosis: This condition causes uterine endometrial cells to grow outside your uterus. Some of the tissue can attach to your ovary and form a growth.

A severe pelvic infection: If the infection spreads to the ovaries, it can cause cysts.

A previous ovarian cyst: If you’ve had one, you’re likely to develop more.



Albeit, there’s no way to prevent ovarian cysts, regular pelvic examinations help ensure that changes in your ovaries are diagnosed as early as possible. Be alert to changes in your monthly cycle, including unusual menstrual symptoms, especially ones that persist for more than a few cycles. Talk to your doctor about changes that concern you include; Sudden, severe abdominal or pelvic pain, Pain with fever or vomiting,, If you have these signs and symptoms or those of shock, cold, clammy skin; rapid breathing; and light-headedness (Dizzy) or weakness. Please kindly go to Hospital and see a Medical Doctor.



Read Also: Enduring Legacy of Women: 7 Remedies of Menstrual Cramps

I am the Health Columnist for PIJAlance Magazine. Also, a member of the RID Team.

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