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The Patriot Institute of Journalism and Arts (PIJA), Lance Magazine is a public-centric independent media organisation dedicated to fighting injustice, fostering social justice and community development through the telling and retelling of the marginalised-oriented stories.

Should You Take Oral Contraceptives?

...bloating, breast tenderness, changes in menstrual bleeding patterns, and mood changes among others are side effects of oral contraceptives


Favour Agwuna, Nsukka


Oral contraceptives are a type of medication that is taken by mouth to prevent unintended pregnancies. These drugs contain hormones, usually a combination of estrogen and progestin, which mimic the hormones naturally produced by the female body.


While it is a popular and effective method of birth control, it is important to take them consistently every day at the same time to ensure their effectiveness.


It is also important to note that oral contraceptives do not protect against sexually transmitted infections and can interact with certain other medications, potentially affecting their effectiveness.


Women who are over 35 years old, smoke, have high blood pressure, heart disease, migraines with auras, liver problems, high cholesterol, a history of blood clots, a history of stroke, or breast cancer should not use combination oral contraceptives.


It is always important to consult with a healthcare professional before starting any new medication.


Some additional information to consider adding to the information provided about oral contraceptives are:

  • There are several different types of oral contraceptives available, and they vary in the specific combinations and dosages of hormones they contain. Some are taken continuously, while others have a 7-day “break” during which a woman will have a menstrual period.
  • It can also have a number of non-contraceptive health benefits, including reducing the risk of certain types of cancer (such as ovarian and endometrial cancer), reducing the severity and frequency of acne breakouts, and regulating menstrual cycles.
  • It is important for women who are using oral contraceptives to have regular check-ups with their healthcare provider to monitor their health and the effectiveness of the contraception


In addition to oral contraceptives, there are many other types of birth control available, including other types of hormone-based contraception (such as the patch, the ring, and injectable contraceptives) and non-hormonal options (such as condoms, the copper IUD, and the female condom). It is important for individuals to discuss their options with a healthcare provider to determine the best method of contraception for their needs and lifestyle.


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