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The Patriot Institute of Journalism and Arts (PIJA), Lance Magazine is a public-centric independent media organisation dedicated to fighting injustice, fostering social justice and community development through the telling and retelling of the marginalised-oriented stories.

Evolutionary Perspectives to June 12 Saga 

Note: This piece dates back to June 12, 2021 and was slightly revised today to mark the celebration of the evergreen event of June 12,1993 in Nigeria.



Folaranmi Ajayi



It was in June 12, 1993 that Nigeria would have a taste of a general elections that is so unique in many stratum. One, for the first time in the turbulent political history of this great entity, multi-tribalism was not a barrier as all divides came out with one voice to support the Western Region. See here


Two, prior to the time, the Northerners have never agreed with the other regions on serious political issues that affect the generality of the country. Especially the events and aftermath of the clamour for self Independence on the floor of the House, a motion moved by Late Chief Anthony Enahoro, (a member of Action Group) who was later countered by the Northern Legislator, who almost bungled our early chance at independence with a counter-motion—this would later go on to metamorphose into the popular Kano Riot.


While the rest may be history, I bet to emphasize that they (Northerners) supported the candidacy of Chief Moshood Kashimawo Abiola of the Social Democratic Party with all their hearts. Although, up against a Northern candidate in the mold of Bashir Tofa, he had a considerably fair share of sympathy from there.


So here goes the initial face-off that culminated into a serious want for democratic governance since that time in June 12, 1993. The only difference between military and democratic systems of government is in the configuration of the relationship between the governed and the government. It is more like a direct opposite of what seem inalienable under democracy; what is obtainable under military.


So, six years after our independence there was a whirlwind from the Federal Military Government spearheaded by Maj. Gen. Agunyi Ironsi. He would not survive beyond six months alongside his strategy – not to pave way for a democratic take-over after the country had grappled with a lot of restiveness, public protests, vandalism, kidnappings, treasonous violence and strapping sanity naked prior to 1966 military junta- for Yakubu Gowon, a Military Whiz Kid was waiting in line to run the rule.


Gen. Muritala Muhammed and Gen. Olusegun Obasanjo were the last two sets of Military rulers before a Civilian interregnum, which was made possible by an unusually liberal Decree dressed to bring to attract civilian rule. The stability of civilian rule people had hoped for would also not be actualized until the year 1999. As much as one would like to dip hands into history, there are other areas worth paying attention to.


If you read history well enough, you would understand that the so-called great leaders are directly complicit in the ruination of Nigeria’s destiny.


Truth be told, Abiola’s mandate was unjustly stolen and it was an insult to our collective sense of justice as a nation. The military ruler and dictator, Babaginda, had maradonaed the country for a long time, using democracy as a carrot stick to further sing the requiem on the economy (which till this day we still suffer for it) and cultivate an indelible culture of corruption. People were tired of military dictatorship and even though you might not have lived under a dictatorship, you must have come across a copious note on it from Cuban, Haitian, Zimbabwean, Congolese, Ugandan, and-so-on writers to have a small feeling. So the appetite for a democratic governance grew stronger at the time.


One would have thought that Nigeria’s democracy was handed to us freely with the way the government of the day and our leaders in time past practiced the system of government, which is so revered by many nationalists, patriots, activists and social and political philosophers around the globe. Well, the global trend does not suggest that it is Nigeria alone that does not know how handle democracy.


However, Nigeria would have been an excellent example for other nations in the African democratic leadership but questions now straddle on the occipital and forehead of our leaders who have chosen to practice or perhaps define our democracy differently from the postulate, Abraham Lincoln. .


Many a critic, who are displeased with the manner this astonishingly beautiful princess called Democracy has been desecrated like the way the Trojan women in the women of Owu lost the shrine of obatala; a god of divinity in recent time have opined that, “we need to consider the blood stains on the clothes of our deflowered democratic princess calling for attention and vengeance.  With following list of issues on the lips of agitators basically to reduce the bogus salaries of some politicians, pay workers a living wage, open the borders for more food items,justice for ENDSARS victims, abolishing 1999 constitution, end insecurity and insurgency that is fast spreading to the Southe, reversal of obnoxious electricity tariff, reversal to a regulated fuel price and stop further increment, among many others.”


Should we begin to say that democratic elements set apart protest as a demand for good government and a way to make the government check its policies and activities.


Albeit, in our nation, the narratives have become something that needs attention and thorough check. Protesters daily are arrested and detained by the Armed Forces of the government, they are sometimes beaten and brutalised for demanding good governance and staging peaceful protest. Do we say, the government of the day doesn’t allow any protesters to rightfully make their demands in the public or perhaps peaceful protests are not allowed to display their dismay about the government of the day?


Tellingly, one will begin to wonder; is this the type of democracy that we desire for our nation or is this the type of democracy that our heroes past fought for with all their power and strengths? For the record, most of our leaders today have one time enjoyed the gains of the collective inputs of our nationalists who fought militantly and gave their lives for what we call democracy. Of course, this might go without raising eyebrows in some quarters but the perceived abuse of the system boils down to the people, who take advantage of their array of freedom to cause distractions for the government by availing themselves to be used by unscrupulous elements.


Today, where there is no freedom of expression, freedom of the press, freedom of the judiciary and the freedom of association and even religion in a democracy,  we are quick to say that it is authoritarian, fascist, to an extent of being fair, pseudo-democratic.


But while you try to lionize Abiola, look at his dealings with the military governments, with Babaginda and Abacha in particular. Look at what led to Shonekan’s removal. Look at his complicity, too. Nigeria education should teach real history.



Folaranmi Richardson, Ajayi writes from Ilesa, Osun State. Email: ajayifolaranmi@gmail.com Twitter & IG:@Ajayienigma

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